SFRO Nutrition Tips for Cancer Patients; Fish Oil vs Krill Oil

CAM in the Spotlight- Fish Oil versus Krill Oil
by Corrie Trottier, MS, RD

It is becoming apparent that inflammation over an extended period of time is the cause of serious illnesses such as heart disease, various cancers, and even Alzheimer’s disease. An anti-inflammatory diet, rich in omega-3 fatty acids plays a role in reduction of inflammation and can help your body to achieve optimum health.

Krill are shrimp-like crustaceans that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidant pigments. Both krill oil and fish oil contain omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA). However, fish oil contains fatty acids in triglyceride form, whereas krill oil contains them in phospholipid form. Due to krill oil’s chemical structure it is better absorbed into the body than fish oil. In addition, krill oil contains higher levels of DHA and EPA, and does not have a fishy after taste.

A study out of Canada titled “Evaluation of the effects of Neptune Krill Oil on the Clinical Course of Hyperlipidemia,” assessed the effects of krill oil on total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). In totality, the study lasted for 6 months and consisted of 120 people. The results showed that 1-3g per day of Krill oil was effective in the reduction of total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL when compared to both fish oil and the placebo. In addition, krill oil was shown to be effective in reducing glucose.
Although krill oil is a notable supplement, the downside is that these sea creatures are declining in population. Remember, you can always get your omega-3s from eating fish such as sardines, Alaskan sockeye salmon, or herring.

References:

http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/ART02012/anti-inflammatory-diet

http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/QAA400239/Consider-Krill-Oil.html

http://www.livestrong.com/article/501879-mega-red-krill-oil-vs-omega-3-fish-oil/

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15656713

World Cancer Day Information from American Cancer Society

Thanks to American Cancer Society for this great article and for all the efforts they are putting together to make Feb 4, 2013 a very special day!

Please share it!

World Cancer Day 2013
www.cancer.org
February 4th is World Cancer Day, a time when organizations and individuals around the world send a message: Ending cancer should be a global health priority.
American Cancer Society | Information and Resources for Cancer: Breast, Colon, Lung, Prostate, Skin
www.cancer.org
Dedicated to helping persons who face cancer. Supports research, patient services, early detection, treatment and education. Contact us anytime day or night 1-800-227-234.

Complimentary and Alternative Medicine Health Tips for Cancer Patients: Arnica for Topical Pain Relief

Complimentary and Alternative Medicine -”CAM in the Spotlight- Arnica”
by Corrie Trottier, MS, RD

Arnica, also known as mountain daisy is found in the United States, Canada, and the European Alps. The flower and root are customarily used as a topical remedy for pain relief. Arnica can be found in health food stores and is useful for swelling and relief of arthritis, muscle pain, joint pain, sprains, bruises, and soreness. It comes in a variety of forms such as tinctures, creams, ointments, gels, etc. If you’d like to make Arnica on the home basis: mix a tablespoon of arnica, with a pint of purified water, dip a gauze pad into the mixture, then place it on the area of pain.

So for cancer patients and survivors who suffer from bruising, this is a relatively inexpensive, easy way to get relief from joint pain and bruising.

In a study titled, “Accelerated resolution of laser-induced bruising with topical 20% arnica: a rater-blinded randomized controlled trial” the objective was to assess the use of topical remedies in relation to skin bruising. The conclusion of the study showed that topical 20% arnica ointment can reduce bruising more effectively than a placebo and a low-concentration of vitamin K.

Caution: Never apply arnica to an open wound, broken skin, or orally ingest it. Arnica is toxic if it is ingested internally in too high of a dosage. In addition, if you develop a rash when using arnica, stop using it. Some people are sensitive to a compound found in arnica called helenalin.
References:

http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/QAA400100/Arnica-for-Pain.html

http://www.lef.org/magazine/mag2011/abstracts/mar2011_Blueberries-Curcumin-and-Skin-Cancer_03.htm?source=search&key=arnica

SFRO: From Our Cancer Patients to You

Patient to Patient
by Cindy Collins, PhD, Rd

This is first in a series of articles which depict the cancer patient’s experience from their point of view. Our patients wish to share their experience in order to assist, inspire and inform fellow cancer patients, their families and blog readers. It is their hope to help guide fellow cancer patients through the treatment and survivor phase.

Read here about BT, a cancer survivor:

BT is a 54 year old woman who has recently completed treatment for cancer of the parotid gland (salivary gland). Two years ago she ‘left the cold’ of Pittsburgh for the warmth of Florida. Prior to her move she had felt a lump on her own and was given antibiotics by her doctor. She was told that after the antibiotics the lump would go away. It never did; it never grew and it did not hurt. Because it did not feel attached it was assumed it was a cyst.

Once BT arrived in Florida and saw a primary care doctor, she was told that she needed to see an Ear Nose and Throat specialist (ENT). Three weeks later she had surgical removal of the lump. Now without a job and health insurance BT awaited the report on the pathology. She remembers being told her cancer was ‘rarer than a hen’s tooth.’ Have you been to Italy? her doctor asked her. When she replied no, he responded, Well your tumor is there! It had been sent off for special pathology tests.
BT underwent 5 weeks of radiation. She became accustomed to the mask and her fears of wearing it and making it through the treatment, as short as each session was. She recalls finding the cream she needed in the Dollar Store due to difficulty with finances. She used the Magic Mouthwash. She overcame her loss of taste and ate according to the appeal of food texture rather than taste.
Because she did not have medical insurance, BT used the government provided Dentist. With that she was able to have the necessary teeth pulled; however she was surprised to learn that dentures would not be provided. BT mentioned to her radiation therapist her dilemma regarding her teeth. She was young and had hoped to go back to work. How would she do this without teeth? Who would hire her?
After much searching for several weeks by BT and the dietitian, she was turned down by dental schools, affordable dental practices and other facilities that looked like good options. A local dentist who was attending a cancer support group was contacted. Word had spread from the dietitian to cancer survivors that a dentist willing to do the work free of charge was needed.
BT was shocked when she received the phone call regarding her new dentist! He insisted on implants which would be the better choice. He also insisted that he provide a lifetime of dental care to BT, also free of charge.

BT was diagnosed with a second cancer, cervical cancer, while she was in search of a dentist post-radiation for her parotid cancer. This second cancer was treated with surgery.

BT states that she lives “very differently” now that she is a survivor. The help she received from her health care professionals, and then subsequently her new dentist has renewed her hope and her faith in people. She has a new sense of the need to care for herself. She has hung her radiation mask on the wall in her home; she uses it as a reminder of her ability to overcome the cancer. At no time did she falter in her hope for survival BT states, due to the confidence she had in her doctors.
BT states that the two most important qualities that helped guide her through her treatment into survival are her perseverance and her trust in her doctors, coupled with a leap of faith. She had been told her lump would go away. She persisted in getting care. If she were asked would she want to forget this ever happened to her? BT responds, no, she has met so many people and realized once again how much goodness is there for us to share. BT remembers being angry only once – over the fact that she could not sell her platelets to earn money for her dentures. She cried only when diagnosed with the second cancer. BT explains her need for new teeth: I never thought I was a vain person, but I didn’t realize what that would feel like to have no teeth. When asked what the most encouraging thing had been during her treatment and recovery, BT just looked up and flashed a big smile! We laughed.
BT has signed up for several classes at the Survivor Clinic. Always keep a positive attitude, she said.

For this and more cancer survivor and patients stories follow our blog. South Florida Radiation Oncology offers many cutting edge treatments for cancer, so you can get back to living your life!
For more details about our Survivorship Clinic and support groups, go to our Resources page, at http://www.sfroll.com/resources.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a disease which only affects men. Cancer begins to grow in the prostate – a gland in the male reproductive system. The word “prostate” comes from Medieval Latin prostate and Medieval French prostate. The ancient Greek word prostates means “one standing in front”, from proistanai meaning “set before”. The prostate is so called because of its position – it is at the base of the bladder.
What is the prostate?
The prostate is an exocrine gland of the male reproductive system, and exists directly under the bladder, in front of the rectum. An exocrine gland is one whose secretions end up outside the body e.g. prostate gland and sweat glands. It is approximately the size of a walnut.

The urethra – a tube that goes from the bladder to the end of the penis and carries urine and semen out of the body – goes through the prostate.

There are thousands of tiny glands in the prostate – they all produce a fluid that forms part of the semen. This fluid also protects and nourishes the sperm. When a male has an orgasm the seminal-vesicles secrete a milky liquid in which the semen travels. The liquid is produced in the prostate gland, while the sperm is kept and produced in the testicles. When a male climaxes (has an orgasm) contractions force the prostate to secrete this fluid into the urethra and leave the body through the penis.

Urine control

As the urethra goes through the prostate: the prostate gland is also involved in urine control (continence) with the use of prostate muscle fibers. These muscle fibers in the prostate contract and release, controlling the flow of urine flowing through the urethra.

The Prostate Produces Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

The epithelial cells in the prostate gland produce a protein called PSA (prostate-specific antigen). The PSA helps keep the semen in its liquid state. Some of the PSA escapes into the bloodstream. We can measure a man’s PSA levels by checking his blood. If a man’s levels of PSA are high, it might be an indication of either prostate cancer or some kind of prostate condition.

prostate gland diagram
Diagram of the location of the prostate gland and nearby organs
It is a myth to think that a high blood-PSA level is harmful to you – it is not. High blood PSA levels are however an indication that something may be wrong in the prostate.

Male hormones affect the growth of the prostate, and also how much PSA the prostate produces. Medications aimed at altering male hormone levels may affect PSA blood levels. If male hormones are low during a male’s growth and during his adulthood, his prostate gland will not grow to full size.

In some older men the prostate may continue to grow, especially the part that is around the urethra. This can make it more difficult for the man to pass urine as the growing prostate gland may be causing the urethra to collapse. When the prostate gland becomes too big in this way, the condition is called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is not cancer, but must be treated.
Prostate Cancer
In the vast majority of cases, the prostate cancer starts in the gland cells – this is called adenocarcinoma. In this article, prostate cancer refers just to adenocarcinoma.

Prostate cancer is mostly a very slow progressing disease. In fact, many men die of old age, without ever knowing they had prostate cancer – it is only when an autopsy is done that doctors know it was there. Several studies have indicated that perhaps about 80% of all men in their eighties had prostate cancer when they died, but nobody knew, not even the doctor.

Experts say that prostate cancer starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells – Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). According to Medilexicon`s medical dictionary, Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia means “dysplastic changes involving glands and ducts of the prostate that may be a precursor of adenocarcinoma; low grade (PIN 1), mild dysplasia with cell crowding, variation in nuclear size and shape, and irregular cell spacing; high grade (PIN 2 and 3), moderate to severe dysplasia with cell crowding, nucleomegaly and nucleolomegaly, and irregular cell spacing.”

Doctors say that nearly 50% of all 50-year-old men have PIN. The cells are still in place – they do not seem to have moved elsewhere – but the changes can be seen under a microscope. Cancer cells would have moved into other parts of the prostate. Doctors describe these prostate gland cell changes as low-grade or high-grade; high grade is abnormal while low-grade is more-or-less normal.

Any patient who was found to have high-grade PIN after a prostate biopsy is at a significantly greater risk of having cancer cells in his prostate. Because of this, doctors will monitor him carefully and possibly carry out another biopsy later on.
Classification of prostate cancer
It is important to know the stage of the cancer, or how far it has spread. Knowing the cancer stage helps the doctor define prognosis – it also helps when selecting which therapies to use. The most common system today for determining this is the TNM (Tumor/Nodes/Metastases). This involves defining the size of the tumor, how many lymph nodes are involved, and whether there are any other metastases.

When defining with the TNM system, it is crucial to distinguish between cancers that are still restricted just to the prostate, and those that have spread elsewhere. Clinical T1 and T2 cancers are found only in the prostate, and nowhere else, while T3 and T4 have spread outside the prostate.

There are many ways to find out whether the cancer has spread. Computer tomography will check for spread inside the pelvis, bone scans will decide whether the cancer has spread to the bones, and endorectal coil magnetic resonance imaging will evaluate the prostatic capsule and the seminal vesicles.

The Gleason Score

A pathologist will look at the biopsy samples under a microscope. If cancer tissue is detected, the pathologist then grades the tumor. The Gleason System of grading goes from 2 to 10. The higher the number, the more abnormal the tissues are compared to normal prostate tissue.

Two numbers are added up to get a Gleason score:

1. A number from 1 to 5 for the most common pattern observed under the microscope. This is the predominant grade and must be more than 51% of the sample.

2. A number from 1 to 5 for the second most common pattern. This is the secondary grade and must make up more than 5% but less than 50% of the sample.

A Gleason score of 7 can have two meanings. Look at these two examples below:

1. If the predominant grade is 3 and the secondary grade is 4, the Gleason score is 7.

2. If the predominant grade is 4 and the secondary grade is 3, the Gleason score is also 7.

However, the first example, with a predominant score of 3, has a less aggressive cancer than the second example, with a predominant score of 4.

It is crucial that the tumor is graded properly, as this decides what treatments should be recommended.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
During the early stages of prostate cancer there are usually no symptoms. Most men at this stage find out they have prostate cancer after a routine check up or blood test. When symptoms do exist, they are usually one or more of the following:

The patient urinates more often
The patient gets up at night more often to urinate
He may find it hard to start urinating
He may find it hard to keep urinating once he has started
There may be blood in the urine
Urination might be painful
Ejaculation may be painful (less common)
Achieving or maintaining an erection may be difficult (less common)

If the prostate cancer is advanced the following symptoms are also possible:

Bone pain, often in the spine (vertebrae), pelvis, or ribs
The proximal part of the femur can be painful
Leg weakness (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
Urinary incontinence (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
Fecal incontinence (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)

What are the causes of prostate cancer?
Nobody is really sure of what the specific causes are. There are so many possible factors, including age, race, lifestyle, medications, and genetics, to name a few.

Age

Age is considered as the primary risk factor. The older a man is, the higher is his risk. Prostate cancer is rare among men under the age of 45, but much more common after the age of 50.

Genetics

Statistics indicate that genetics is definitely a factor in prostate cancer risk. It is more common among certain racial groups – in the USA prostate cancer is significantly more common and also more deadly among Afro-Americans than White-Americans. A man has a much higher risk of developing cancer if his identical twin has it. A man whose brother or father had/had prostate cancer runs twice the risk of developing it, compared to other men. Studies indicate that the two genes – BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 – which are important risk factors for breast cancer and ovarian cancer have also been implicated in prostate cancer.

In a study scientists found seven new sites in the human genome that are linked to men’s risk of developing prostate cancer.

Diet

fruits and vegetables
A review of diets indicated that the Mediterranean diet may reduce a person’s chances of developing prostate cancer. Another study indicates that soy, selenium and green tea, offer additional possibilities for disease prevention – however, a more recent study indicated that combination therapy of vitamin E, selenium and soy does not prevent the progression from high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) to prostate cancer. A diet high in vegetable consumption was found in a study to be beneficial.

A US pilot study on men with low risk prostate cancer found that following an intensive healthy diet and lifestyle regime focusing on low meat and high vegetable and fruit intake, regular exercise, yoga stretching, meditation and support group participation, can alter the way that genes behave and change the progress of cancer, for instance by switching on tumor killers and turning down tumor promoters.

Other studies have indicated that lack of vitamin D, a diet high in red meat may raise a person’s chances of developing prostate cancer.

Medication

Some studies say there might be a link between the daily use of anti-inflammatory medicines and prostate cancer risk. A study found that statins, which are used to lower cholesterol levels, may lower a person’s risk of developing prostate cancer.

Obesity

A study found a clear link between obesity and raised prostate cancer risk, as well as a higher risk of metastasis and death among obese people who develop prostate cancer.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Men who have had gonorrhea have a higher chance of developing prostate cancer, according to research from the University of Michigan Health System.

Agent Orange

Veterans exposed to Agent Orange have a 48% higher risk of prostate cancer recurrence following surgery than their unexposed peers, and when the disease comes back, it seems more aggressive, researchers say. Another study found that Vietnam War veterans who had been exposed to Agent Orange have significantly increased risks of prostate cancer and even greater risks of getting the most aggressive form of the disease as compared to those who were not exposed.

Republished from Medical News Today

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150086.php

Melanoma; not just a skin cancer

Melanoma – not just a skin cancer.
By Cindy Collins, PhD, RD

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) at the National Institute of Health defines melanoma as cancer that begins in the melanocytes, or pigment-producing cells of the body. Though we usually associate this cancer with the skin, it can be found elsewhere in the body including the eye and the intestinal tissue. They estimate there will be 76,250 new cases and 9,180 deaths by the completion of 2012.

The NCI states that illnesses linked to diet kill 3 out of 4 Americans every year. This includes illnesses other than cancer such as heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke and diabetes. The Health Behaviors Research Branch of the NCI coordinates research on lifestyle behaviors and their effect on cancer prevention. They also investigate intervention strategies for all types of cancer. They study diet, physical activity, sleep, and sun safety and the relationship to melanoma.

An interesting link on the NCI website takes you to Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. which has resources for cancer control for health professionals. (http://cancercontrolplanet.cancer.gov/diet.html). The association between a healthy diet and decreased morbidity and mortality from the four leading causes of death listed above is confirmed in the section on scientific evidence. The majority of studies show that diets low in overall fat, saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol and high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains with high fiber play a role in this health benefit.

Other sources emphasize the role of sun exposure in health and the interaction with dietary factors. Michael Holick, M.D., Ph.D. in his book The UV Advantage (iBooks, 2003) recommends 30 minutes a day in the sun before the application of sunscreen, in order to stimulate the production of Vitamin D in the skin. Most surveys reveal marked deficiencies of Vitamin D in Americans. This vitamin is vital for bone, muscle, immunity and has recently been linked with cancer protection. Andrew Weil, MD (www.drweil.com) recommends striking a balance between the benefits of the sun while still protecting oneself from its harmful effects. He notes that supplementation with mixed carotenoids (forms of Vitamin A) and mixed tocopherols and tocotrienols (forms of Vitamin E) can help protect the skin from sunburn.
A number of researchers are devoting their studies to the association of nutrients and other chemicals and melanoma. Many of those studies involve animal models. Recently the antidepressant fluoxetine was shown to have antioxidant properties, preventing the activity of melanoma in mice spleen cells. (http://reference.medscape.com/medline/abstract/20803706)

In addition human studies focus on the role of antioxidants in preventing and slowing the progression of cancer. There is now ample evidence that the cellular byproducts called free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) may produce the pathology behind some cancers. The amino acid taurine (found in proteins) has been shown to act as an antioxidant, thus combating free radicals and ROS. In 2008, the Journal of Clinical Pharmacological Therapy illustrated an increased level of ROS in melanoma patients as compared to healthy controls. The authors believe the likely source of the ROS was the cancer tissue itself. These ROS are suspected of enhancing the progression of the melanoma. After surgery for the removal of all melanoma tissue, the level of ROS decreased. (http://reference.medscape.com/medline/abstract/19239181) (http://reference.medscape.com/medline/abstract/18315784)

There is a need for many more studies to pinpoint the role of antioxidants in cancer prevention and intervention. Current research on melanoma and other cancers warrants the recommendation to consume a diet rich in antioxidant nutrients. Vitamin and mineral antioxidants include Vitamins A, C, E, beta-carotene and selenium. Naturally rich bioactive antioxidants also found in foods include polyphenols (flavonoids, catechins and anthocyanadines), glucosinolates, resveratrol, lutein, and lycopene. The following foods are the short list of sources containing these antioxidants! Antioxidants can also be found in supplement form; look for those extracted from whole foods. (MD Anderson Cancer Center)
Brightly pigmented fruits and vegetables to include: mango, cantaloupe, orange, grapefruit, kiwifruit, strawberries, grapes, cranberries, blueberries, tomato, watermelon, apricot, broccoli, cauliflower, carrot, squash, sweet potato, collard and turnip greens, spinach and kale, red and green peppers, brazil nuts, peanuts, seafood, soy, green tea, dark chocolate, wheat germ.

Cindy Collins, Ph.D., R.D.
Experimental Health Psychology/Nutrition

Cancer Patients Checklist to Avoiding Fatigue

A Checklist for Dealing with Fatigue
by Cindy Collins, PhD, RD

Fatigue is a symptom many cancer patients deal with. It comes in varying degrees and can continue after treatment is completed. Here are some general suggestions that you might find helpful!
Is there something you can do to feel better?

• Try to sleep a full 8 hours per night. The best way to get sleep is to dim down all the lights and turn off the TV. Allow yourself to relax in the dark, and release the hormone melatonin which will naturally send you into slumber.

• Make exercise a part of your regular routine. Even if you only have the capacity to move around moderately, tap your toes for five minutes, twice a day. If you are very active, try to walk or bike for about 45 minutes as often as you can. Another great way to keep a workout schedule is to join a class or club which has yoga, cycling, cardio kickboxing, or even zumba. You might be more likely to attend a class already on the schedule!

• Have your hormones checked for hypothyroidism. Often times, some of the symptoms can bring on fatigue such as low libido, weight gain, lethargy, and dry skin or nails. It is best to check the thyroid for any imbalances that could be triggering fatigue.

• Make a record of diet and review nutrition. It is important to pick foods that will lift you up and give you sustained energy. Make good food choices consisting of vegetables, complex carbohydrates which contain fiber, lean protein and good fats. Make sure you are eating within the first hour of the day, and eat in intervals of about 4 to 5 hours apart until the evening. Make sure you never skip a meal. Remember the human body, much like anything biological thrives on regularity. When you deprive the body, it will begin to store energy, which can lead to lipo-genesis (fat generation).

• Keep hydrated! It is imperative to drink enough water to keep the viscosity of the blood in line, when you are dehydrated the blood thickens causing increased heartbeat, and pushes nutrients right out of place for transport and absorption. If you are not into drinking plenty of water, you can also get it from water- rich fruits and vegetables. Another important tool to remember is to drink a glass of water to complement diuretic drinks such as coffee or tea.

• Measure your Stress levels. High levels of stress can not only be harmful to you emotionally, but can be physically draining. The experience of stress triggers an internal stress response that causes excess undesirable hormone secretions responsible for raising blood pressure and heart rate. Try to remove yourself from daily stress and spend time outdoors. Find a tree you like, sit under it and relax. Take in some deep breaths and be mindful of all that is surrounding you. Make a list of the things that you love, and begin to live them out!

[Information taken from WholeLiving.com]

Breast Cancer Patients Survival Improves by Eating Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous Vegetables Improve Survival for Breast Cancer Patients
by Cindy Collins, PhD, RD

A recommendation for healthy eating that we have all heard about is to eat an assortment of brightly colored vegetables on a daily basis. However, recent studies are showing that the consumption of a particular group called cruciferous vegetables may significantly increase the odds of survival for breast cancer patients.

The improvements seen in the study were outstanding! According to Sarah J. Nechuta, MPH, PhD, a postdoctoral research fellow at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee: “ it was observed that across increasing quartiles of cruciferous vegetable consumption, the risk for total mortality decreased by 27%, the risk for breast-cancer-specific mortality decreased by 22%, and the risk for recurrence decreased by 21%” after a 36 month period after diagnosis. In addition, the amount and type of cruciferous vegetable eaten may be important: “The level of bioactive compounds, such as isothiocyanates and indoles, suspected of playing a role in the anticancer effects of cruciferous vegetables, depend on the amount and type of cruciferous vegetables consumed.”

Most of the vegetables that belong to the cruciferous family are leafy, and vary in color and size. Some of the more commonly consumed examples are broccoli, cauliflower, collard greens and brussel sprouts. But don’t stop here; there are still quite a few other choices! Bok Choy, arugula, watercress, cabbage, kale, radishes and even turnips are all varieties within the cruciferous family! These vegetables can be added to a favorite recipe, salad or just steamed and served. Be creative and have fun trying some of these anticancer foods!

To read about the study: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/761792

What is Cancer Survivorship?

WHAT IS CANCER SURVIVORSHIP?
By Judy Armstrong, ARNP,BC, ONC

Cancer Survivorship is known as the time of diagnosis with cancer, to the end of life and everything in between. If you have ever had cancer treatment before you will understand how important this is. Often time’s patients finish treatment and say “now what?”

During treatment the support from your cancer support team and staff is so positive, that often patients feel very alone when they don’t have that support at treatment time each day.

That is why South Florida Radiation Oncology is introducing a Cancer Survivorship Clinic, where we can help you with the “now what”! It is important to develop a “new normal” for your life.
Patients still live with the fear of having been diagnosed with cancer, even if they do not have long term side effects.

The management and control of cancer is so different now because of the techonology we employ at SFRO, that we take the fear out of your cancer diagnosis. The treatments today are more tolerable and have less side effects than ever before. Despite our new treatments, there may be new limitations secondary to surgery, chemotherapy or radiation. Because of this, our Cancer Survivorship clinic was developed.

Beginning in June, we are starting the “Survivorship Clinic” which will focus on surviving cancer and being the best you can be. Cancer patients make decisions differently than before, things that may have been important before now may have a different meaning. All aspects of life including medical, physical, emotional, nutrition, healthy living, psychological, social, routine follow ups for the specific disease, side effects both short and long term and what you can do about them and overall quality of life need to be dealt with. It is important to get back to living your life! And we are here to help!

Our own medical director of SFRO, Kishore Dass M.D. states that “we are committed to ensuring your total well being and to providing the atmosphere and the resources to make sure you have a smooth transition from completion of cancer care to having total comfort in living your life”.
See our Facebook page or our website for more info on contact info for “Survivorship Clinic.”

See the statistics below from the NCI (National Cancer Institute) and see why “Survivorship” is such a necessary service for our cancer patients.

survivorshipMMWR2011

New Study Points to Benefits of Early Breast Cancer Screenings

By Kathleen Doheny
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) — More than half of women in their 40s diagnosed with breast cancer after a routine mammogram had no family history of the disease, finds a new study that may add to the debate over the timing of breast cancer screening.

The researchers say their results point to the value of annual screening mammograms for women 40 to 49. But others remain unconvinced.

Family history usually means a first-degree relative with the disease (parent, sibling or child). Of those without family history who were found to have breast cancer, “64 percent of these women had invasive disease,” said researcher Dr. Stamatia Destounis, a radiologist at Elizabeth Wende Breast Care Center and a clinical associate professor at the University of Rochester in New York.

Destounis was to present her findings at the American Roentgen Ray Society annual meeting in Vancouver on Thursday.

This is one of numerous studies undertaken to determine the ideal age for women to begin screening mammograms and the appropriate intervals between screenings. In 2009, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) sparked controversy when it recommended screening mammograms every two years for women aged 50 to 74, but not younger.

The USPSTF advised women 40 to 49 at average risk of breast cancer to discuss the pros and cons with their doctors and then decide about the value of screening. That was because the task force found a small benefit for the younger women and moderate harm, such as false positive results.

However, the American Cancer Society and other organizations continue to recommend annual screening beginning at age 40.

Earlier this week, an analysis published in the Annals of Internal Medicine concluded that women in their 40s who have a family history of breast cancer or extremely dense breasts should consider getting a mammogram every two years.